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Campbell J. (1995) Making Sense of the Technique of Venepuncture. Nursing Times. August 2. vol.91. no.31

DOH (1990) Guidance for Clinical Health Care Workers: protection against infection with HIV and Hepatitis Viruses: recommendations of the Expert Advisory Group on Aids. Stationary Office. London

DOH (2001) Standard Principles for preventing hospital-acquired infections. Journal of Hospital Infection vol.47. supp. p 521 537

Dougherty L. (1996) Intravenous Cannulation. Nursing Standard 11 (2) 47 51

Godwin, Cuthbert and Choyce (1992). Reducing bruising after Venepuncture. Quality in Health Care 1: 245 -246

Inwood S. (1996) Designing a Nurse training programme for Venepuncture. Nursing Standard 10(21) 40 41

McConnel, and McKay (1996) Venepuncture: the Medicolegal Hazard. Postgrad Medical Journal 23 24

Mallett J, Dougherty L. (2000) The Royal Marsden Hospital Manual of Clinical Nursing Procedures section 45 p 662 672

Millam DA (1992) Starting IVs, how to develop your venepuncture skills Nursing 92 33 46

RCN (1995) Universal Precautions RCN London

RCN (1999) Guidance for nurses giving Intravenous Therapy RCN London

NMC (2002) Code of Professional Conduct

Rowland (1991) Making sense of venepuncture Nursing Times August 7. vol 87. no 32


Branson M. (1995) Hazards of sharps disposal. British Journal of Nursing. vol. 4 No. 4

Exercise of Professional Accountability (1992) UKCC Scope of Professional Practice for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting. June

Mercer C. (1994) Reducing the incidence of sharps injuries. British Journal of Nursing vol. 3 No. 17

Venepuncture. Quick reference guides (1999) Nursing Standard vol. 13 no. 36